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Another roaring hurricane season is driven by surging Atlantic Ocean

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Another roaring hurricane season is driven by surging Atlantic Ocean

Map of summary of various storm paths in 2018 Atlantic hurricane season

Map of summary of various storm paths in 2018 Atlantic hurricane season

TheHurricaneEditorMaker [Public domain or CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Map of summary of various storm paths in 2018 Atlantic hurricane season

TheHurricaneEditorMaker [Public domain or CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

TheHurricaneEditorMaker [Public domain or CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Map of summary of various storm paths in 2018 Atlantic hurricane season

Austin Liu, News Editor, Reporter

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Another Atlantic hurricane season is coming to a conclusion. Each year, the duration of the hurricane season for the Atlantic Ocean is about 6 months long, beginning June 1 and ending Nov. 30 of the same year. The Atlantic Ocean term refers to the waters of the Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean Sea, and Gulf of Mexico. Storm activity normally peaks from around late August to late Sept. Strength of storms during a hurricane season can be categorized by the highest wind speed that storms reach measured on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale. (Tropical Cyclone Climatology) Categories for storms range from Tropical Depressions with maximum winds reached of 38 miles per hour or 33 knots or less to Category 5 Major Hurricane with maximum winds reached of 157 miles per hour or 137 knots or more on the scale. (Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale) Also, each storm in a hurricane season each year is named. A list of names beginning with each letter of the alphabet is released each year and determined by the World Meteorological Organization. The names for the 2018 Atlantic hurricane season are Alberto, Beryl, Chris, Debby, Ernesto, Florence, Gordon, Helene, Isaac, Joyce, Kirk, Leslie, Michael, Nadine, Oscar, Patty, Rafael, Sara, Tony, Valerie, and William. (Tropical Cyclone Names) During the hurricane season this year, 15 of the names were used. In addition, this year’s Atlantic hurricane season was interesting as it set some records in the history of tracked Atlantic hurricane seasons. One of these is a record of seven named storms that were classified as subtropical at some point. Another feature of the Atlantic hurricane season this year was the activity of four named storms at one time during the middle of September, which last happened in 2008. In particular, Hurricane Michael of this year, which struck the Florida panhandle with serious strength, drew much attention from meteorologists and the nation.

According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), “Hurricane Michael, at a Category 4 intensity, was the strongest hurricane on record to strike the Florida panhandle. It was the third-most-intense hurricane to make landfall in the continental U.S. on record in terms of central pressure (919 mb) and the fourth-strongest in terms of maximum sustained winds (155 mph).” (Destructive 2018 Atlantic hurricane season draws to an end) Information and updates about hurricanes and other tropical storms is released by the National Hurricane Center (NHC) based in Miami, Florida through the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) (About the National Hurricane Center). The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) is an agency led by the Department of Commerce of the national government of the United States. (About our agency) Below is an overview and details of each tropical storm and hurricane of this year’s Atlantic hurricane season.

 

  • Alberto
    • Duration: May 25 – May 31
    • Maximum Winds Reached: 65 miles per hour (55 knots)
    • Category: Tropical Storm
    • Storm Affected Areas: Yucatan Peninsula, western Cuba, southern Florida, eastern United States, Ontario

(Alberto NOAA)

 

  • Beryl
    • Duration: July 4 – July 16
    • Maximum Winds Reached: 80 miles per hour (70 knots)
    • Category: Category 1 Hurricane
    • Storm Affected Areas: Guadeloupe, Dominica, Martinique, St. Lucia, Barbados, Puerto Rico, Haiti, Dominican Republic, Bahamas, eastern coastal Canada

(Beryl NOAA)

 

  • Chris
    • Duration: July 6 – July 12
    • Maximum Winds Reached: 105 miles per hour (90 knots)
    • Category: Category 2 Hurricane
    • Storm Affected Areas: eastern coastal United States, eastern coastal Canada, Iceland

(Chris NOAA)

 

  • Debby
    • Duration: Aug. 7 – Aug. 9
    • Maximum Winds Reached: 50 miles per hour (45 knots)
    • Category: Tropical Storm
    • Storm Affected Areas: northern Atlantic Ocean

(Debby NOAA)

 

  • Ernesto
    • Duration: Aug. 15 – Aug. 18
    • Maximum Winds Reached: 45 miles per hour (40 knots)
    • Category: Tropical Storm
    • Storm Affected Areas: Ireland, United Kingdom

(Ernesto NOAA)

 

  • Florence
    • Duration: Aug. 31 – Sep. 17
    • Maximum Winds Reached: 140 miles per hour (120 knots)
    • Category: Category 4 Hurricane
    • Storm Affected Areas: West Africa, Cape Verde, southeastern coastal United States including Carolinas, eastern coastal United States, eastern coastal Canada

(Florence NOAA)

 

  • Gordon
    • Duration: Sep. 3 – Sep. 8
    • Maximum Winds Reached: 70 miles per hour (60 knots)
    • Category: Tropical Storm
    • Storm Affected Areas: Haiti, Dominican Republic, Cuba, southern coastal United States, southeastern United States, eastern United States, southern Canada

(Gordon NOAA)

 

  • Helene
    • Duration: Sep. 7 – Sep. 16
    • Maximum Winds Reached: 110 miles per hour (95 knots)
    • Category: Category 2 Hurricane
    • Storm Affected Areas: West Africa, Cape Verde, Ireland, United Kingdom, Norway

(Helene NOAA)

 

  • Isaac
    • Duration: Sep. 7 – Sep. 15
    • Maximum Winds Reached: 75 miles per hour (65 knots)
    • Category: Category 1 Hurricane
    • Storm Affected Areas: West Africa, Dominica, Guadeloupe, Martinique, St. Kitts and Nevis, Antigua and Barbuda, Montserrat, Haiti, Jamaica, Cuba

(Isaac NOAA)

 

  • Joyce
    • Duration: Sep. 12 – Sep. 19
    • Maximum Winds Reached: 50 miles per hour (45 knots)
    • Category: Tropical Storm
    • Storm Affected Areas: northern Atlantic Ocean

(Joyce NOAA)

 

  • Eleven
    • Duration: Sep. 22 – Sep. 23
    • Maximum Winds Reached: 35 miles per hour (30 knots)
    • Category: Tropical Depression
    • Storm Affected Areas: northern Atlantic Ocean

(Eleven NOAA)

 

  • Kirk
    • Duration: Sep. 22 – Sep. 29
    • Maximum Winds Reached: 60 miles per hour (50 knots)
    • Category: Tropical Storm
    • Storm Affected Areas: West Africa, Barbados, St. Lucia, Dominica, Martinique, Guadeloupe, St. Vincent and the Grenadines

(Kirk NOAA)

 

  • Leslie
    • Duration: Sep. 23 – Oct. 13
    • Maximum Winds Reached: 90 miles per hour (80 knots)
    • Category: Category 1 Hurricane
    • Storm Affected Areas: eastern coastal United States, eastern coastal Canada, Bahamas, Portugal, Spain, France

(Leslie NOAA)

 

  • Michael
    • Duration: October 7 – October 12
    • Maximum Winds Reached: 155 miles per hour (135 knots)
    • Category: Category 4 Hurricane
    • Storm Affected Areas: Honduras, Nicaragua, El Salvador, Guatemala, Belize, Yucatan Peninsula, Cuba, southeastern coastal United States including Florida Panhandle, eastern coastal United States, eastern coastal Canada, Spain

(Michael NOAA)

 

  • Nadine
    • Duration: Oct. 9 – Oct. 13
    • Maximum Winds Reached: 65 miles per hour (55 knots)
    • Category: Tropical Storm
    • Storm Affected Areas: northern Atlantic Ocean

(Nadine NOAA)

 

  • Oscar
    • Duration: Oct. 27 – Oct. 31
    • Maximum Winds Reached: 105 miles per hour (90 knots)
    • Category: Category 2 Hurricane
    • Storm Affected Areas: northern Atlantic Ocean

(Oscar NOAA)

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About the Writer
Austin Liu, News Editor, Reporter

I am currently a senior attending Fayetteville High School. Welcome to the official website of the FHS Register Newspaper and its publications!Besides...

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